World Cotton Day 2022: An Opportunity to recognize the global importance of this special fiber 

World Cotton Day is celebrated on the 7th of October every year to raise awareness about the cotton sector and the crucial role it plays in international trade, economic development, and poverty alleviation.

World Cotton Day is celebrated to recognize the global importance of cotton from its attributes as a natural fiber and the benefits people gain from its transformation, production, and commerce.

World Cotton Day: History

The cotton-4 nations of Benin, Chad, Mail, and Burkina Faso made an official proposal to the United Nations General Assembly [UNGA]for the establishment of World Cotton Day. The Bremen Cotton Exchange, which is the world’s largest cotton organization, also supported the idea.
The World Trade Organization and the International Cotton Advisory Committee have established World Cotton Day on the 7th of October 2019.

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Key Points

1. Cotton is a fabric that affects 100 million families worldwide.
2. Cotton is a fabric that is comfortable, breathable, durable, and hypoallergenic. That’s why it’s most commonly featured in our wardrobes.
3. Cotton is very important for developed economies, and it is a safety net for least developed and developing countries.
4. Cotton is more than just a fabric; it is a commodity and a major source of livelihood and income for many smallholders and laborers, including women, in some of the world’s poorest areas.

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Do you know?

1. A single tone of cotton provides year-round employment for around five people on average.
2. Cotton is used for 3D printers because it is appealing, conducts heat well, becomes stronger when wet, and is more scalable than wood.
On the food side, cottonseed is an important feed for cows.

Cotton Day: Timeline

In 5000 B.C, cotton fiber and cloth fragments were used in Mexico.

In 3000 B.C., cotton was first used as a fabric in the Indus River Valley.

Some civilizations, including the Chinese, Egyptians, and South Americans, began weaving cotton fabrics around 2500 B.C.

In the 1920s, the United States used over 50% of the world’s cotton fiber.

In 2019, World Cotton Day was launched on October 7.

WTO Discussion on Cotton

Following an initiative launched by the Cotton-4 in 2003, cotton is the sole commodity for the WTO, which is discussed separately. This initiative was launched with the aim of making international trade in cotton fairer and shed light on the linkages between trade, cotton, and development.

WTO Discussion on Cotton Focuses On:

1. To implement the necessary reforms to address trade-distorting subsidies and to improve market access for cotton and cotton-related products from LDCs.
2. To monitor and encourage the development of the cotton sector in developing countries through collaborative projects and information dissemination.

India is the second- largest cotton exporter in the world, Interestingly, it is also one of the largest importers of the product.

Cotton-Producing States in India

The top-5 Cotton producing states of India are listed below:

1. Gujarat
2. Maharashtra
3.Telangana
4. Andhra Pradesh
5. Madhya Pradesh

Gujarat is the largest cotton producing state of India. The main sources of growth for the Gujarat’s agriculture sector are cotton, wheat production, fruits and vegetables. Gujarat is not only the main producer of cotton, but it is also the main producer of tobacco, dates and sugar cane.
The other crops which are grown in Gujarat are maize, rice, mustard, green gram etc. The rate of Gujarat’s agriculture is around 9%.

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(With Inputs from careerindia)