India Overtakes the United Kingdom To Become 5th Largest Economy In World

Overview

India has overtaken the UK to become the World’s fifth largest economy. India is now behind just the US, China, Japan and Germany. A decade ago, India ranked 11th among the largest economies, while the UK was 5th. The UK is facing the fastest inflation in four decades and rising recession risks.

India’s ‘nominal” GDP on an adjusted basis using the dollar exchange rate on the last day of the March quarter stood at $854.70 billion, while Britain’s was $816 billion, the report added.

India’s economy is projected to grow 7% this year, while the UK struggles with high energy prices and rising consumer inflation. The RBI has projected a growth rate of 7.2 per cent for the current financial year 2022-23.

India is Now World's 5th Largest Economy

The International Monetary Fund projected India is overtaking the UK this year, placing it just behind the US, China, Japan and Germany. The report further added that the Indian economy was the 11th largest a decade ago, while UK’s occupied the fifth position.

What is Nominal GDP?

Nominal GDP can be defined as the value of all the goods and services used to calculate the country’s GDP at the current prices.

What is the difference between Nominal and Real GDP?

Nominal gross domestic product is GDP evaluated at the current market prices.
Gross Domestic Product is the financial equivalent of all the complete products and services generated within a nation in a definite time.
Real GDP is an inflation-adjusted calculation that analyses the rate of all commodities and services manufactured in a country for a fixed year. It is calculated in base year prices and referred to as a fixed cost price.

How nominal and real GDP are calculated?

Nominal GDP is calculated per the market prices for the year for which the GDP is calculated, whereas Real GDP is calculated as per the market prices in the base year. The Real GDP negates the inflation in goods and services.

What is the base year?

The base year of National Accounts is set to allow for inter-year comparisons. It enables the computation of inflation-adjusted growth estimates and offers a sense of changes in buying power. The base year for the most recent National Accounts series was altered from 2004-05 to 2011-12.

India is Now World's 5th Largest Economy

Top 10 economies of the World

According to the IMF(International Monetary Fund), these are the highest ranking countries in the World in nominal GDP:

1. United States (GDP: 22.49 trillion)
2. China (GDP: 16.4 trillion)
3. Japan: (GDP: 5.27 trillion)
4. Germany: (GDP: 4.30 trillion)
5.India: (GDP: 3.21 trillion)
6. United Kingdom: (GDP: 3.2 trillion)
7. France: (GDP: 2.78 trillion)
8. Italy: (GDP: 2.07 trillion)
9. Brazil: (GDP: 1.87 trillion)
10. Canada: (GDP: 1.71 trillion)

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(With Inputs from careerindia)