China to construct a serious dam on Brahmaputra river in Tibet: Report

China will construct a serious hydropower undertaking on Brahmaputra river in Tibet and a proposal for this has been clearly put ahead within the 14th Five-Year Plan to be carried out from subsequent yr, the official media on Sunday quoted the top of a Chinese firm tasked to construct the dam as saying.

Yan Zhiyong, chairman of the Power Construction Corp of China, mentioned China will “implement hydropower exploitation in the downstream of the Yarlung Zangbo River” (the Tibetan identify for Brahmaputra) and the undertaking may serve to take care of water assets and home safety, the Global Times reported.

Speaking at a convention on Thursday, Yan mentioned the undertaking was clearly put ahead within the proposals for formulating the nation’s 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) and its long-term objectives by means of 2035 made by the Central Committee of the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC), it quoted an article on the WeChat account of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League of China on Sunday.

“There is no parallel in history it will be a historic opportunity for the Chinese hydropower industry,” Yan informed the convention organised to rejoice the 40th anniversary of the founding of the China Society for Hydropower Engineering.

The 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) and National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035 have been adopted by Plenum – a key coverage physique of the CPC – final month.

Details of the plan have been anticipated to be launched after the formal ratification by National People’s Congress (NPC) early subsequent yr.

Proposals for dams on the Brahmaputra have evoked considerations in India and Bangladesh, the riparian states, and China has downplayed such anxieties saying it might maintain their pursuits in thoughts.

As a decrease riparian State with appreciable established person rights to the waters of the trans-border rivers, the Indian authorities has constantly conveyed its views and considerations to the Chinese authorities and has urged them to make sure that the pursuits of downstream States usually are not harmed by any actions in upstream areas.

China has already operationalised the $1.5 billion Zam Hydropower Station, the most important in Tibet in 2015.

About the brand new dam, the Global Times report mentioned that hypothesis about China planning to construct a “super hydropower station” in Medog county, the place the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon is situated, have circulated for years.

Medog is the final county in Tibet which borders Arunachal Pradesh.

In his deal with, Yan mentioned that the hydropower exploitation of the Yarlung Zangbo River downstream is greater than a hydropower undertaking. It can also be significant for the surroundings, nationwide safety, residing requirements, power and worldwide cooperation.

According to the report, the mainstream of the Yarlung Zangbo River has the richest water assets in Tibet Autonomous Region, about 80 million kilowatt hours (kWh), whereas the 50-kilometer part of the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon has 70 million kWh that might be developed with a 2,000-meter drop, which equals greater than three Three Gorges energy stations in Hubei province.

Tibet has about 200 million kWh of water assets, accounting for 30 per cent of the full in China.

The 60 million kWh hydropower exploitation on the downstream of the Yarlung Zangbo River may present 300 billion kWh of fresh, renewable and zero-carbon electrical energy yearly. The undertaking will play a major function in realising China’s aim of reaching a carbon emissions peak earlier than 2030 and carbon neutrality in 2060, he mentioned.

“It is a project for national security, including water resources and domestic security,” he mentioned, noting that the undertaking may even clean cooperation with South Asia.

The hydropower station may generate earnings of 20 billion yuan (USD three billion) yearly for the Tibet Autonomous Region, he mentioned.

India and China established Expert Level Mechanism (ELM) in 2006 to debate varied points associated to trans-border rivers.

Under current bilateral Memorandums of Understanding, China offers hydrological data of Brahmaputra River and Sutlej River to India in the course of the flood seasons.

Under the association, China offers flood season knowledge of the Brahmaputra river between May 15 and October 15 yearly.

ALSO READ | Keeping India’s interests in mind, says China on Brahmaputra dams

(With inputs from indiatoday)

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