4 October 2022 Daily Current Affairs: Nobel Prize 2022, AFSPA extended, SASTRA Ramanujan Prize

International Affairs

Alain Aspect, John F Clauser and Anton Zeilinger share Nobel Prize for Physics 2022

The Nobel Prize in physics for 2022 goes to Alain Aspect, John F Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum mechanics. The award citation reads, “the prize has been awarded for experiment with entangled photons, establishing the violation of bell inequalities, and pioneering the quantum information science.” Their experiment using entangled quantum states, where 2 separated particles still behave like a single unit, is being considered groundbreaking as it is expected to lead to new technology based on quantum information. To those not much into science, Scientists are involved in intense research to find a way to use the special properties of these particles to develop quantum computers and quantum encrypted communication networks.

The Nobel Prize 2022 Timeline: 6 awards, declared one per day, from this Monday to Saturday

The Nobel Prize 2022 declaration has started with the Medicine Nobel going to Swedish Scientist Svante Paabo.

The award for physics will be given on Tuesday, followed by chemistry on Wednesday and literature on Thursday. The Nobel Peace Prize will be declared on Friday and the one in economics on Saturday.

The Nobel Peace Prize is given in Norway while the other awards are given in Sweden.
The economics award was created by Sweden’s central bank in 1968.
Rest of the Nobel Prizes were created by the Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite Alfred Nobel.

The Nobel Prize 2022 Timeline: 6 awards, declared one per day, from this Monday to Saturday

Russia formally gobbles up 18% of Ukraine Land

Russia Upper House – Federation Council – unanimously ratifies legislation to annex the Ukraininan territories of Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia regions. The lower house ‘Duma’ has already voted in favour of this annexation. These moves come after the so-called referendum held in these territories where majority of the voters expressed willingness to join Russia.

Once the President Putin signs on it, the formal annexation of these territory will be complete. Just for you to get an idea, 18% of the Ukraine’s pre-war territory is now in Russia.

Russia formally gobbles up 18% of Ukraine Land

Image Credit: Al Jazeera

Noble Prize in Medicine 2022

The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to Svante Pääbo for his discoveries regarding the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution. The relationship between Homo sapiens and extinct hominins has long been a topic of great interest. Paleontology: Paleontology is the study of fossil plants and animals. It helps in establishing ancestral relationship between the organisms of the present to those of the past.

Noble Prize in Medicine 2022

World Animal Welfare Day 2022

World Animal Welfare Day is celebrated on October 4 every year to raise awareness about improving the welfare standards of animals across the globe. Animal Welfare Day is observed in different countries around the globe by organizing various campaigns, contests, and workshops to educate humans about sharing the planet with other living organisms.
The theme for the animal welfare day 2022 is a ‘shared planet’.
Animal Welfare Day was first observed on March 24, 1925, by the animal protection activist Heinrich Zimmermann.

SASTRA Ramanujan Prize for 2022 awarded to Berkeley Professor Yunqing Tang

She is an Assistant Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, US.
The award – carrying a cash prize of ,000 – was instituted by the Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA) in 2005.

It is given every year for outstanding contributions in the field of mathematics to an individual at or below 32 years of age.

The award citation reads, “Yunqing Tang displays a remarkable combination of sophisticated techniques, in which the arithmetic and geometry of modular curves and of Shimura varieties play a central role. Her results and methods are bound to have a major impact on future research in this area.”

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(With Inputs from careerindia)